Protocol Summary

Protocol No.: OCR17697

Sponsor Protocol No.: PR11; UF-GU-004

Protocol Title.: Dose-Escalated Proton Radiation Therapy for High-Risk Prostate Cancer

Principal Investigator: Bryant, Curtis

Objective: The purpose of this research study is to determine if dose-escalated proton radiation therapy is a good way to treat high-risk prostate cancer. The study features hypofractionation and a simultaneous integrated boost to the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) identified intraprostatic tumor (IPT) as a method of dose-escalating radiation therapy. The study will include patients with high-risk prostate cancer who are at the highest risk for recurrence. Radiation therapy will be delivered over the course of 8-9 weeks. Additionally, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) will be started 8-10 weeks prior to starting radiation and continued for a total of 18 months if the patient decides to receive ADT.

Description: Prostate cancer is the most common noncutaneous cancer among men in the United States. The purpose of this research study is to determine if dose-escalated proton radiation therapy is a good way to treat high-risk prostate cancer. Proton therapy (PT) is a type of ionizing radiation therapy that reduces the dose of excess radiation delivered to normal tissues. By escalating the radiation dose just to the area of the known tumor within the prostate, one could potentially reduce the amount of excess radiation delivered to surrounding organs.This reduction in dose would improve the therapeutic ratio by improving disease control while minimizing the risk for additional toxicity. In an effort to take advantage of dose escalation's potential for improving disease control but also to limit toxicity, the use of advanced imaging to identify prostate cancer and provide a focal radiation boost to the area have proven to be useful. Recent advances in MRI have made it the most promising technique in identifying and targeting IPTs, improving both cancer control rates and decreasing toxicity. The study features hypofractionation and a simultaneous integrated boost to the MRI identified intraprostatic tumor (IPT) as a method of dose-escalating radiation therapy. The study will include patients with high-risk prostate cancer who are at the highest risk for recurrence. Radiation therapy will be delivered over the course of 8-9 weeks. Additionally, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) will be started 8-10 weeks prior to starting radiation and continued for a total of 18 months.

Phase: Phase II (Cancer Control)

Age Group: Adult

Age: 18 Years - 100 Years

Gender: Male

Scope: Local

Treatment:

Experimental: HR-A (High-risk A)
Prostate and proximal seminal vesicles: 2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total dose of 78 cobalt gray equivalent. Simultaneous integrated boost to the IPT: 2.2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total dose of 85.8 cobalt gray equivalent.

Experimental: HR-B (High-risk B)
Prostate, proximal seminal vesicles, and pelvic nodes: 2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total does of 46 cobalt gray equivalent. Prostate and proximal seminal vesicles: 2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total dose of 32 cobalt gray equivalent. Simultaneous integrated boost to the IPT: 2.2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total dose of 85.8 cobalt gray equivalent.

Experimental: HR-C (High-risk C)
Prostate, entire seminal vesicles, and pelvic nodes: 2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total dose of 46 cobalt gray equivalent. Prostate and entire seminal vesicles: 2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total dose of 14 cobalt gray equivalent. Prostate, entire involved seminal vesicle, and at least the proximal seminal vesicle on uninvolved side: 2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total dose of 18 cobalt gray equivalent. Simultaneous integrated boost to the IPT: 2.2 cobalt gray equivalent per fraction to a total dose of 85.8 cobalt gray equivalent.

Detailed Eligibility:

Inclusion Criteria:
- Patient must give study-specific informed consent on an IRB-approved consent prior to any research related procedures or study treatment.
- Patient must be at least 18 years at the time of consent.
- Adenocarcinoma of the prostate with AJCC Clinical Stage T1to T3b disease with histological evaluation via biopsy or repeat biopsy within 12 months prior to registration.
- Patients must undergo a pretreatment diagnostic MRI of the prostate on a 1.5T to 3T Tesla machine within 6 months prior to study registration.
- A focal IPT must be visible on MRI within the prostate and/or seminal vesicles and this MRI must be obtained within 6 months of planning CT scan.
- A biopsy of the dominant lesion is recommended but not required. If an ultrasound guided sextant biopsy was positive for prostatic adenocarcinoma in the area of the MRI identified intraprostatic lesion, this will be acceptable and another guided biopsy targeting the MRI identified disease will not be necessary.
- Patients with at least one of the following high-risk factors: cT3a-T3b OR Gleason 9-10 OR PSA > 30 OR more than 1 high-risk factors must be present: clinical stage of T3, Gleason score 8-10, or PSA 20 ng/ml or greater.
- Hemoglobin must be ≥ 10 g/ml within 4 months prior to registration.
- Zubrod performance status must be 0-1 within 4 months prior to registration.
- If patient has child-producing potential, they must be willing to use medically acceptable contraception during treatment and must be advised to use it for at least 1 year thereafter. This is not applicable if the patient is not sexually active or has had a vasectomy.
- Patients must be able to start treatment within 16 weeks of registration.
Exclusion Criteria:
- T4 prostate disease on CT, MRI, or physical exam.
- Patients unable to undergo MRI of the prostate.
- Patients with a greater than 25% change in prostate volume from the pretreatment MRI of the prostate demonstrating the IPT and the treatment planning MRI. Patients in this case must undergo a repeat diagnostic MRI on a 1.5T to 3.0T Tesla machine and an IPT must still be visible.
- Patients with posterior or posterolateral extracapsular extension of prostate cancer. If this is present, it must resolve on diagnostic MRI after 2 to 3 months of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy prior to enrollment.
- IPT that is more than 75% of the prostate volume when measured on the CT simulation scan.
- Evidence of distant metastasis (M1).
- Patients with positive nodes on cross-sectional imaging.
- Previous prostate cancer local treatment including prostatectomy, hyperthermia, high intensity focused ultrasound, brachytherapy, external-beam radiation therapy, and/or cryotherapy.
- Prior pelvic radiation therapy.
- No prior myocardial infarction within the last 6 months, severe congestive heart failure, or end stage renal disease.
- Active inflammatory bowel disease (diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis) affecting the rectum.
- Bilateral hip replacement
- Prior intrapelvic surgery. This includes the following:
- Bladder surgery
- Transrectal or rectal surgery other than prostate biopsy
- Polypectomy or hemorrhoid removal or banding
- Prior transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or laser ablation for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
- Patients receiving continuous and current anticoagulation with warfarin sodium (Coumadin), heparin sodium, clopidogrel bisulfate (Plavix), dabigatran etexilate mesylate (Pradaxa), rivaroxaban (Xarelto), apixaban (Eliquis), edoxaban (Savaysa), enoxaparin sodium (Lovenox), prasugrel (Effient), ticagrelor (Brilinta), aspirin/er dipyridamole (Aggrenox), or fondaparinux sodium (Arixtra).

Applicable Conditions:

  • Prostate Cancer
  • Participation Institution:

  • No UF Health MRN : Jin Park
  • UF Jacksonville : Jin Park
  • Contact:
    Jin Park
    Email: jpark@floridaproton.org

    More Information: View study listing on ClinicialTrials.gov http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03624660